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Kanji Radical (Primitive)

0.03MB. 0 audio & 0 images. Updated 2016-02-19.
The author has shared 8 other item(s).


Simply, Radical is small component which kanji is made of. (Heisig called his own radicals as primitives) Learning radicals is essential if you want to learn kanji faster and in a better way. This deck contains all of 214 radicals ordered by usefulness (popularity) with english meaning, reading, stroke information, example and alternative forms (if available). Remember to check out the examples, as some radicals only appear in alternative forms instead of original form (like 辵, 艸, 阜, etc). You should notice the position of the radical in the example kanji too, because each radical usually has only one or a few possible positions in a kanji. Please also note that each position may have different reading, such as the "person" radical (人) at top is called ひとやね (like in 会) and is called にんべん if it's at the left side (like in 体). Visit this if you want to learn more: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Table_of_Japanese_kanji_radicals#Position_of_radical_within_character  Note: For stroke order working, download and install font from this: http://www.nihilist.org.uk/. You just need to download the font file, which is KanjiStrokeOrders_v3.001.ttf , then install it. If you're using android phone, put the font in /sdcard/AnkiDroid/fonts (you may need to create folder "fonts"). If the font doesn't work, try renaming it to "KanjiStrokeOrders" (remove the "_v3.001"). Update Sep 10: -Reorder the whole deck "by-hand" (based on some sources like wiki too). Now the most useful radicals will appear first. -Added example kanji for each radical. Update: Correct reading for radical 牛 (Thanks for your comment). I'm pretty sure there won't be any other errors with readings. (And also, I added readings to this deck for reference purpose only, you don't need to remember these readings, just remembering the meanings is ok :D). PS: I've made a kanji deck too. You can check it out here: https://ankiweb.net/shared/info/798002504 PS (again): For those who don't get the "odd" order, please have a look at this: http://www.kanji-link.com/en/kanji/intro/ . The first 48 radicals in this deck was ordered to match 48 most frequent radicals in that website (which help you cover 75% of Joyo Kanji). The rest was ordered by me as I've gone through 214 radicals and have a "sense" that which radical is popular than the other. Many of you may agree with me that some radicals that have less strokes may be almost never seen (like 瓦,耒,尢,屮) , so I put them to the bottom of the list. Of course, if you want to master all 214 radicals then the order is not matter anymore, just learn them all. Reply to the comment saying this deck is chinese, not japanese: I'm not sure what you're trying to express here??? Everyone knows both chinese & japanese use Chinese characters, there're some differences between the two versions of the two languages but in traditional form, they're the same (called 'kyuujitai' in Japanese, fyi). But that has nothing to do with radical, as the 214-radical system apply to both languages (some radicals are simplified in chinese though, but still 214), and this IS a radical deck, not a kanji deck. Anyways, thanks for your comments from that I can improve the deck, just hope you can clarify your idea :).

Sample (from 214 notes)

Cards are customizable! When this deck is imported into the desktop program, cards will appear as the deck author has made them. If you'd like to customize what appears on the front and back of a card, you can do so by clicking the Edit button, and then clicking the Cards button.
Radical Number 63
Numbers of Stroke 4
Alternative 戶、户Example: 戸戻所
Meaning door, house
Reading と・とだれ・とかんむり
Radical Number 10
Numbers of Stroke 2
Alternative (none)Example: 兄元
Meaning legs
Reading にんにょう・ひとあし
Radical Number 160
Numbers of Stroke 7
Alternative (none)Example: 辜 辟 辣 辦 辨
Meaning spicy, bitter
Reading しん・からい

After the file is downloaded, double-click on it to open it in the desktop program.

At this time, it is not possible to add shared decks directly to your AnkiWeb account - they need to be added from the desktop then synchronized to AnkiWeb.


on 1673977355
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thanks for the deck!
on 1663209010
Thank you very much for making such an excellent deck.

I would like to contact the author of this.
How can I do that?
on 1652826387
Some of the radicals have non-standard names. For example, radical 115 is called "two-branch tree" in this deck when it is usually called "grain," and radical 181 is called "big shell" in this deck when is normally called "leaf," "head," "page," or "sheet." Not sure how many other ones are like this.
on 1645368382
I don't get why the deck gives you cards in such an odd order, it would make MUCH more sense to learn them from least amount of strokes to most amount.

Learning them by which ones are the most common is a silly idea.
on 1641493161
Very good actually
on 1634478782
Good. Detailed
on 1631977574
thank you
on 1614311319
For people having trouble with the font, you just need to load the font into the styling page with something like this

@font-face { font-family: KanjiStrokeOrders; src: url('_KanjiStrokeOrders.ttf'); }

(Don't forget to rename the font to match what you put into the url)
on 1600379444
I installed Anki a while ago and decided it was not for me, however after finding this deck I've found that I actually do quite like the app, so that's a yes from me!
on 1598304370
Deck seems useful, but want to echo one of the other reviews -- the v4 TTF seems to cause the wrong radicals to be displayed in this deck, and it isn't clear if there is a way to access the v3 TTF from the link provided.
on 1596887876
Thanks very very helpful, :)
on 1592728205
Great deck, I hope the OP doesn't mind but I edited his deck and did the edits done by the commenter down below. https://ankiweb.net/shared/info/1918689912
on 1592295372
Seems good, but stroke orders v3 is no longer available. I'm using v4 and it's confusing as they for example show the stroke order of ⿔ on the card for 龜...? Since no one has mentioned this I assume this mixup is due to the updated font and not this deck's fault
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Well made cards
on 1570389405
I downloaded this deck because I've never formally learned the names of the radicals and I wanted to learn them. This deck provides a great overview, although I have swapped a few main/alternate forms since I know all the jouyou kanji so I know what forms are actually more common (and I also checked against https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_kanji_radicals_by_stroke_count like someone else suggested). Here is a list of my edits:

96: 王 main, 玉, 玊, ⺩ alternate
122: 罒 main, 网,罓,⺲,⺳ alternate
140: 艹 main, 艸,䒑 alternate
146: 西 main, 襾,覀 alternate
162: ⻌ main, 辵,辶 alternate
199: 麦 main, 麥 alternate
203: 黒 main, 黑 alternate
211: 歯 main, 齒 alternate

And some readings I reordered (listed here is the reading from the Wikipedia page). Useful if you only want to focus on one reading of a given radical; also helps disambiguate some shared readings (all the ほこs, ぼくs, たつs, かわs, etc.):
8: なべぶた
13: まきがまえ
17: うけばこ
21: さじのひ
22: はこがまえ
25: ぼくのと
26: ふしづくり
31: くにがまえ
34: ふゆがしら
35: すいにょう
36: ゆうべ
42: ちいさい
45: てつ
48: たくみ
51: ほし
54: いんにょう
58: けいがしら
59: さんづくり
62: かのほこ
63: とびらのと
65: しにょう
66: のぶん
68: とます
71: むにょう
72: にち
73: いわく
77: とめる
78: がつへん
79: ほこづくり
80: なかれ (for 毋)
81: くらべる
92: きばへん
100: うまれる
104: やまいだれ
107: けがわ
110: むのほこ
114: ぐうのあし
121: かん
122: あみがしら
125: ろう
126: しかして
127: らいすき
129: ふでづくり
141: とらかんむり
149: こと
160: からい
161: しんのたつ
162: しんにゅう
170: ぎふのふ
171: れいづくり
177: かくのかわ
186: においこう
191: とうがまえ
193: かなえ
201: きいろ
204: ふつ
205: べん
210: せい

Some other points of interest:
The name of a radical can change depending on its position. It's worth learning the names of the positions first, so you can start to put things together when you see them. I added the following cards to this deck:

偏;偏[へん];left-hand radical of a character​
冠;冠[かんむり];top radical of a kanji (crown)
垂;垂[たれ];kanji radical enclosing the top-left corner of a character
旁;旁[つくり];right-hand radical of a character
構;構[かまえ];kanji enclosure type radical (must enclose at least two sides of the kanji)
繞;繞[にょう];kanji radical that runs from the left to the bottom part of the kanji; kanji enclosure-type radical
脚;脚[あし];bottom kanji radical (but most names don't have this in it, except for ひと*)

To which I might add:
頭;頭[かしら];top structural component of a kanji​

So then when you look at a card like 人, you can make the following connections:
亻(にんべん) - only applies when this radical is on the left、𠆢 (ひとやね) - やね means roof so this goes on the top
忄 (りっしんべん) - only applies when this radical is on the left
And when you see 〜がしら in a name, you know it has to go on top.

刂 (りっとう) is a notable outlier so you just have to know that りっとう only applies to 刂.

Hope this helps somebody!
on 1550585444
Thanks! I don't understand why people who fix the possible mistakes in this list don't share theirs... It would be great to compare and learn new things.
on 1549638160
on 1540412996
There are indeed some mistakes about the reading, some alternative forms featured as the main one and vice-versa but still, it is a great job.
To anyone downloading this, I strongly advice to spend 30-45min fixing everything with wikipedia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_kanji_radicals_by_stroke_count) and jisho (https://jisho.org) side by side with anki.

ありがとう anyway
on 1539197637
The radical for "bone" (188) looks strange (the top part), are you sure it's correct?
on 1527552000
on 1525737600
I'm currently using this deck to learn radicals so thanks a ton for sharing. It's astounding help!
AnkiDroid tends to crash when using this deck (Samsung Galaxy S6edge). No idea why, I just use it on my PC then.
I noticed that some radicals have other/additional meanings (i comapred with tanoshiijapanese.com dictionary) are you sure these are official meanings?
What are the readings for? Aren't radicals like letters in a word (not carrying any actual meaning in themselves)? Will I actually use the readings?
Thanks in advance!
on 1519776000
on 1517702400
I liked it, but edited the cards many times. Had FEW mistakes,
But the main reason of why I edited them, is the usage. Many of the main radical is not used as kanji "block", but the alterantive is. So, sometimes I was delete the original, and just copied the alternative as main. For me this way much more helpful, and efficient. Thanks for making this deck.
on 1514851200
Useful, needs to include a japanese font however as it displays some characters incorrectly
on 1514332800
Good Job!
on 1509321600
Outdated and confusing

This set uses a lot of outdated Kanji which are no more used in Japanese. On top of that it has errors.
Further it does not cover the stroke order.
For a beginner like me it is very confusing and frustrating to use this set.
I use more time to look things up as to actually learn something with this set, so I will delete it now.
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Great Job well done!

This is a real gem! I have been searching the web for decent ways to learn the radicals. I am indeed very happy to have found it! Thank you for making such a useful peace of software. After knowing the kana, the step to knowing the Kanji looks intimidating. But knowing the radicals is the door to tackle Kanji reading and writing successfully. What a nice combination of radical, radical variants, radical naming, meaning and stroke order diagram you have made here!
And in the event one spots a discrepancy, it's so easily fixed! (I spot snags in my homemade decks every now and then, and when I do, I fix them.) No big deal at all!
This little peace of software is a joy to work with. Well thought out, clean structure, can run as a separate deck and will be an aid in learning Kanji and Hanzi. What a nugget!
Thanks so much!
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Great deck!!

Very good deck. The mistakes are just minor. As a beginner like me, meaning of radical is the most important part, I will pay more attention to readings when I do kanji learning.
on 1455580800
Good deck but has some mistakes

For example:

Radikal 96
玉: たま・たまへん 王: おう・おうへん・あうさま

king; ball, jade

It looks like 玉 means king and 王 means jade, but its the other way around.
on 1454976000
Chinese not japanese

You're mixing Chinese kanji with Japanese, Japanese kanji come from Chinese but some of them changed
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