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English Grammar Today

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Source: English Grammar Today. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION This is a sample deck. For more information, please see "My Other Anki Decks" section on the Essential Idioms in English page. Nickolay <kelciour@gmail.com>

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Topic All or every?
Source https://dictionary.cambridge.org/grammar/british-grammar/all-or-every
Section Easily confused words
Content All and every are determiners.We use both all and every to refer to the total number of something. All refers to a complete group. Every refers to each member of a complete group:The questionnaire was sent to all employees.The questionnaire was sent to every employee.We can use every to focus on each individual member.CompareAll passengers must turn off their mobile phones.refers to the whole groupEvery passenger must turn off their mobile phone.(We use their instead of his or her to refer back to a singular noun (passenger) because we are referring to both male and female passengers.)focuses on each individual member of the whole groupWe can use all, but not every, on its own without a noun. We use everyone/everybody/everything instead:The meeting is at Oriel Hall. It begins at 8 pm and all are welcome.Not: … every is welcomeEveryone is welcome to join the village social club.See also: Every  All and every + nounsThe meaning of all and every is very similar but we use them in different ways. We use all with plural and uncountable nouns and every with singular nouns:All donations will be sent to the earthquake relief fund.All equipment must be returned by the end of June. (uncountable)Every donation is appreciated.We can use all and all of before determiners, but we don’t use every before determiners:I invited all (of) my friends.Not: … every my friends All (of) theWe can use all and all of before articles (the, a/an), demonstratives (this, that) and possessives (our, his) but we can’t use every before them:[talking about a library]It has got all (of) the books that have ever been published.Not: It has got every the book or It has got the every bookShe’s gone to all (of) their concerts this year. She hasn’t missed one.Not: … every their concertsSee also: All of All without of  All day, every dayWe use all day, all week, all month to mean ‘one entire day/week/month’:We spent all day at the beach yesterday.Every day (week/month) focuses on each individual day (week/month):We spent every day at the beach in the holidays.Not: We spent all days at the beachFuel prices are rising every week.Not: Fuel prices are rising all weeks. All or every: typical errorsWe don’t use every before determiners:He sold all (of) his books.Not: … every his books.We don’t use every with uncountable nouns:All (the) information can be saved in the computer memory.Not: Every information can be saved …We don’t use every with plural nouns:We should organise a trip for all students.Not: … for every studentsWe don’t use every on its own without a noun; we use everyone, everybody or everything instead:He suggested cancelling the trip and everyone agreed.Not: … every agreedSee also: Every Everyone, everybody, everything, everywhere
Topic About
Source https://dictionary.cambridge.org/grammar/british-grammar/about
Section Adjectives and adverbs
SubSection adverbs of time and frequency
Content About is a preposition or an adverb. About as a prepositionThe most common meaning of about as a preposition is ‘on the subject of’ or ‘connected with’:Do you know anything about cricket?I’m very worried about my brother. He’s not well.About is not as specific as on.CompareHe wrote a book about the Spanish Civil War.about is more general and slightly more informal.He wrote a book on Barcelona during the Spanish Civil War.on focuses on more specific and detailed information and is slightly more formal.Warning: There are some words we use with about:complain, concern, excited, happy and worry:He never complains about the pain.Everybody was very concerned about the accident.I’m very excited about coming to France and I can’t wait to see you.I’m very happy about my trip.Please don’t worry about me.Warning: There are some words we don’t use with about:aware, consider, description, discuss, experience and mention:She’s not aware of the rules of the road.Have you considered changing your career?Can you give us a description of the bag?Let’s discuss the new schedule.They have no experience of looking after children.She didn’t mention where the keys were.See also: On, onto  About as an adverbWe use about as an adverb when we talk about time, number and quantity. About makes the time, number or quantity less specific and more approximate:specificapproximateDinner is at six.Dinner is about six.We moved house three years ago.We moved house about three years ago.About can also be used (though less commonly) as an adverb with a meaning of ‘around’:I was thinking of all the pollution that’s floating about in the air.See also: Around or round? Vague expressions Suggestions  Be about toWe use the modal expression be about to as an adjective in the modal expression be about to to refer to something that will happen very soon in the future:He was about to phone the police.See also: Modality: expressions with be
Topic And
Source https://dictionary.cambridge.org/grammar/british-grammar/and
Section Words, sentences and clauses
SubSection linking words and expressions
Content And is a coordinating conjunction. We use and to connect two words, phrases, clauses or prefixes together:Televisions and computers are dominating our daily life. (noun + noun)I have to shower and change. (verb + verb)The photos are black and white. (adjective + adjective)My best friend and my father’s father both come from Wales. (phrase + phrase)She got to the door and put the key in the latch. (clause + clause)The houses were a mix of pre- and post-war build. (prefix + prefix)See also: And, but, either … or, etc. (coordinating conjunctions)  Go and, come andSpoken English: In informal speaking we often use and after go and come before verbs like ask, buy, check, collect, do, find, get:Why don’t you go and ask her?I need to go and buy myself some running shoes.Can you come and do the washing up?She should go and find another job.In informal American English speaking, we often leave out and:Dad will come collect you on the way back from work.I was expecting him to go get the keys. Fixed expressions with andWe often use and in common fixed expressions. The order of the words cannot change: peace and quiet, pick and choose, come and go, knife and fork, black and white. And + adjectiveSpoken English: In informal speaking, when we want to emphasise something positive, we often use and after nice or lovely with another adjective:The kitchen’s looking nice and clean.You’re lovely and tanned. And in numbersWhen we speak or write numbers, we use and to separate hundred, thousand, million from numbers smaller than a hundred:625: six hundred and twenty-five1,000,410: one million, four hundred and ten6,492: six thousand, four hundred and ninety-two101: one hundred and oneWe also use and between whole numbers and fractions:23½: twenty three and a half

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Nice explanation
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