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Edexcel Politics A-Level

0.24MB. 0 audio & 0 images. Updated 2019-09-21.
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Decks: - Anarchism - Liberalism - Socialism - Conservatism - UK Politics (Year 1 and 2) - US Politics

Sample (from 676 notes)

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Front The Roberts Court (2005-)Which ideology is it associated with?3 relevant rulings?What does the divide look like
Back - Arguably more conservative than its predecessor- Has delivered a series of conservative rulings undermining campaign finance eg Citizens United v FEC 2010 and McCutcheon v FEC 2014- Dissapointed conservatives in other cases eg upholding Obama's ACA Act in NFIB v Sebelius- Court is fairly divided with a 5-4 conservative majority- The majority justice, Justice Kennedy tends to swing both ways - Furthermore in 2014 2/3 of cases heard were unanonous although there tended to be spilts on the more important cases
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Front Emma Goldman (1869-1940)short history2 key ideas expanded
Back - Offers powerful contribution of anarchism based on her critique of the state- Goldman drew on ideas of Stirner in that she supported autonomy but also those of Kropotkin in her theory of social harmonyThe state and violence- Goldman argued that all forms of government rely on violence- Internally the state uses the law, the police and the threat of violence to control the masses -> it is immoral as it restricts autonomy and individuality- Externally, the state is seen as constantly looking to expand its power through the use of the militaryOpposition to parliamentary politics- Goldman critiqued parliamentary politics on the basis that she believed them to be corrupting- She did this through the example of the women's suffrage movement-> once women had won seats in the legislature, they themselves would become corrupted by authority just as men had - Even if reform could be achieved, working within the state will not dismantle its inherent oppression
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Front Social democracy - modern day- What was social democracy aiming to balance?- Feasable why?- What changed for social democracy and what options did they have?- What compounded their problems?
Back - In short, social democracy was a balancing act attempting to deliver both economic efficiency and egalitarianism- In the post-war boom decades this was feasable as growth and living standards were rising fast along with tax revenues to cover welfare expenditure- However by the 1970s / 80s unemployment was quickly rising and tax revenues falling leaving social dems with 2 options -> prioritse economic efficiency and cut taxes ultimately at the expense of welfare or prioritse welfare to protect lower paid?- Other factors also increased difficulties for social democracy in the 80s eg transformation into service economy and contraction of working class 
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