1 0
Sign in to rate

School of Thought - Fallacies and Biases

0.10MB. 0 audio & 48 images. Updated 2018-03-20.

Description

This deck is an extraction of the 48 common fallacies and biases listed on https://yourlogicalfallacyis.com/ and https://yourbias.is/ . Every note includes the name, icon, summary, an example and the description as seen on the websites. There are three types of cards with the front being either name & icon, the summary or the example and the back showing Tools used: jq for parsing JSON, https://icomoon.io/ for converting the icon fonts to images, wget, vim.

Sample (from 48 notes)

Cards are customizable! When this deck is imported into the desktop program, cards will appear as the deck author has made them. If you'd like to customize what appears on the front and back of a card, you can do so by clicking the Edit button, and then clicking the Cards button.
Name & Picture just-world hypothesis
Summary Your preference for justice makes you presume it exists.
Description A world in which people don't always get what they deserve, hard work doesn't always pay off, and injustice happens is an uncomfortable one that threatens our preferred narrative. However, it is also the reality. This bias is often manifest in ideas such as 'what goes around comes around' or an expectation of 'karmic balance', and can also lead to blaming victims of crime and circumstance.
Example A more just world requires understanding rather than blame. Remember that everyone has their own life story, we’re all fallible, and bad things happen to good people.
Tags
Name & Picture optimism bias
Summary You overestimate the likelihood of positive outcomes.
Description There can be benefits to a positive attitude, but it's unwise to allow such an attitude to adversely affect our ability to make rational judgments (they're not mutually exclusive). Wishful thinking can be a tragic irony insofar as it can create more negative outcomes, such as in the case of problem gambling.
Example If you make rational, realistic judgments you'll have a lot more to feel positive about.
Tags
Name & Picture the backfire effect
Summary When some aspect of your core beliefs is challenged, it can cause you to believe even more strongly.
Description We can experience being wrong about some ideas as an attack upon our very selves, or our tribal identity. This can lead to motivated reasoning which causes a reinforcement of beliefs, despite disconfirming evidence. Recent research suggests that the backfire effect is limited to a certain amount of disconfirming evidence i.e. we tend to abandon a belief if there's enough evidence against it. It should also be noted that most people will accept a correction relating to specific facts, however the backfire effect may reinforce a related or 'parent' belief as we attempt to reconcile a new narrative in our understanding.
Example “It ain’t what you don’t know that gets you into trouble. It’s what you know for sure that just ain’t so.” - Mark Twain
Tags

After the file is downloaded, double-click on it to open it in the desktop program.

At this time, it is not possible to add shared decks directly to your AnkiWeb account - they need to be added from the desktop then synchronized to AnkiWeb.

Reviews

on 1533788009
Perfect!