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Netter's Anatomy Flashcards 5th Edition

21.97MB. 0 audio & 325 images. Updated 2021-04-21.
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This is based on Netter's Anatomy Flashcards 5th Edition. It has 3095 cards. I have tagged them according to section. You will need the Hierarchical Tags add-on for this. (Edit: Hierarchal tags might be in the latest Anki update already supposedly?)

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Title Muscles of Facial Expression: Lateral View 3
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Origin Orbicularis oculi muscle arises from the nasal portion of thefrontal bone, the frontal process of the maxilla, the lacrimal bone, andthe medial palpebral ligament.
Insertion Orbicularis oculi muscle attaches to the skin of the eyelids,surrounds the bony orbit, and inserts into the superior and inferiortarsi medial to the lacrimal puncta.
Actions The orbicularis oculi muscle is a sphincter that closes theeyelids. Its palpebral portion closes the lids gently, as in blinking. Theorbital portion closes the eyelids more forcibly.
Innervation Terminal branches of the facial nerve; primarily thetemporal and zygomatic branches.
Attachments
Comment The orbicularis oculi has 3 parts: an orbital part, which isthicker and surrounds the orbital margin; a palpebral part, which isthin and lies in the eyelids; and a lacrimal part.As a muscle of facial expression, this cutaneous muscle lies withinthe layers of the superficial fascia.
Clinical All of the muscles of facial expression are derivedembryologically from the 2nd pharyngeal (branchial) arch and areinnervated by the terminal branches of the facial nerve (CN VII).Acute, unilateral facial palsy is the most common cause of facialmuscle weakness and is called Bell’s palsy. In Bell’s palsy,paralysis of the orbicularis oculi would result in an inability to winkor close the eyelid ipsilaterally, with the potential for damage to thecornea because the tear film would not be evenly distributedacross the cornea’s surface.
1a 1. Orbicularis oculi muscle
2a 2. Nasalis muscle (Transverse and alar parts)
3a 3. Buccinator muscle
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Tags Netters::Head_and_Neck
Title Anterior Abdominal Wall 2
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Origin Origin: Rectus abdominis muscle arises inferiorly by 2 tendons. Thelateral tendon is attached to the pubic crest, and the medial tendoninterlaces with the tendon of the opposite side to arise from thepubic symphysis.
Insertion Insertion: Attaches into the cartilages of the 5th, 6th, and 7th ribsand the xiphoid process.
Actions Action: Flexes the vertebral column or trunk, tenses the anteriorabdominal wall, and depresses the ribs.
Innervation Innervation: Intercostal nerves (T7-T11) and the subcostalnerve (T12).
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Comment Comment: The rectus abdominis muscle is contained in the rectussheath and is separated from the rectus abdominis on the other sideby the linea alba.The muscle is crossed by fibrous bands, which are the 3 tendinousintersections; this gives the appearance of “6-pack abs.”
Clinical Clinical: If abdominal pain is present, especially if the affectedvisceral structure (e.g., bowel, appendix) comes in contact with theinner aspect of the peritoneal wall, the patient may present with aguarding reflex. The patient will contract the abdominal wallmuscles when palpated (rebound tenderness) because of theabdominal pain, and the abdomen will become rigid.
1a 1. Rectus abdominis muscle
2a 2. Internal oblique muscle
3a 3. Rectus sheath
4a 4. Internal oblique muscle
5a 5. External oblique muscle
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Tags Netters::Abdomen
Title Hip Joint: Anterior and Posterior Views
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Comment Comment: The hip joint is a multiaxial ball-and-socket synovial jointbetween the acetabulum and the head of the femur. The acetabularlabrum deepens the acetabular cavity even farther, and the fibrousjoint capsule is reinforced by 3 ligaments.The iliofemoral ligament is the most important ligament reinforcingthe hip joint. This ligament forms an inverted Y ligament (of Bigelow)that limits hyperextension and lateral rotation. The pubofemoralligament limits extension and abduction, whereas the ischiofemoralligament limits extension and medial rotation. If one notices wherethese ligaments attach, one can understand how they limitmovement in a certain direction.The hip participates in abduction and adduction, flexion andextension, and rotation and circumduction.
Clinical Clinical: The iliofemoral ligament is the strongest of the hipligaments, and the ischiofemoral is the weakest of the 3 ligaments.
1a 1. Iliofemoral ligament (Y ligament of Bigelow)
2a 2. Iliopectineal bursa
3a 3. Pubofemoral ligament
4a 4. Iliofemoral ligament
5a 5. Ischiofemoral ligament
6a 6. Ischial spine
7a 7. Ischial tuberosity
8a 8. Lesser trochanter of femur
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Plate
Tags Netters::Lower_Limb

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